Marie de France, Mme. De Sévigné, and Mme. De Lafayette achieved international reputations during periods when women in other European countries were able to write only letters, translations, religious tracts, and miscellaneous fragments. There were obstacles, but French women writers were more or less sustained and empowered by the French culture. Often unconventional in their personal lives and occupied with careers besides writing-as educators, painters, actresses, preachers, salon hostesses, labor organizers-these women did not wait for Simone de Beauvoir to tell them to make existential choices and have projects in the world. French Women Writers describes the lives and careers of fifty-two literary figures from the twelfth century to the late twentieth. All the contributors are recognized authorities. Some of their subjects, like Colette and George Sand, are celebrated, and others are just now gaining critical notice. From Christine de Pizan and Marguerite de Navarre to Rachilde and Hélène Cixous, from Louise Labe to Marguerite Duras-these women speak through the centuries to issues of gender, sexuality, and language. French Women Writers now becomes widely available in this Bison Book edition. Both editors are associated with the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Eva Martin Sartori, associate professor of Central Reference Services at Love Library, coedited Womens Studies in Western Europe and has contributed to professional journals. Dorothy Wynne Zimmerman, professor emerita of English, edited May Wynne Lambs Life in Alaska: The Reminiscences of a Kansas Woman, 1916-1919 (Nebraska 1988), and George Sands The Country Waif.